As it relates to sex education, a parent has three rights in North Carolina:
Right to Parental Consent: Be given a mechanism to opt their kids out of sex education by a school board,
- Each local school board is required to "adopt a policy and provide a mechanism to allow a parent or a legal guardian to withdraw his or her child from instruction" (§ 115C‑81.30. [b])
Right to Parental Review: Be given the opportunity to review the objectives and materials of this curriculum each school year, and before students may even participate.
- "Each school year, before students may participate in any portion of (i) a program that pertains to or is intended to impart information or promote discussion or understanding in regard to the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, or to the avoidance of out-of-wedlock pregnancy or (ii) a reproductive health and safety education program, whether developed by the State or by the local board of education, the parents and legal guardians of those students shall be given an opportunity to review the objectives and materials as provided in G.S. 115C-81.25(d). Local boards of education shall adopt policies to provide opportunities either for parents and legal guardians to consent or for parents and legal guardians to withhold their consent to the students' participation in any or all of these programs" (§ 115C‑81.30. [c]).
- "The right of a parent of a student to inspect, upon the request of the parent, any instructional material used as part of the educational curriculum for the student;" (Protection of Pupil Rights, 20 U.S. Code § 1232h [c][C][i]),
- "any applicable procedures for granting a request by a parent for reasonable access to instructional material within a reasonable period of time after the request is received" (Protection of Pupil Rights, 20 U.S. Code § 1232h [c][C][ii]).
Right to Parental Interaction: Be given opportunities to interact with the student and sex ed content.
- Provide "opportunities that allows for the interaction between the parent or legal guardian and the student" (§ 115C‑81.30. [a]).